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CG19: REGULATIONS OF THE SALESIAN SOCIETY MODIFICATIONS

GENERAL CHAPTER 19 - FIRST PART


XIX GENERAL CHAPTER
OF THE SALESIAN SOCIETY


REGULATIONS OF THE SALESIAN SOCIETYMODIFICATIONS

Art. 2. The ordinary fare shall be as follows: at breakfast, coffee and milk; at dinner and supper, soup, bread, wine (or some other beverage of the kind), two courses at dinner (of which one shall be of meat), fruit or cheese, and at supper, one course and fruit or cheese. The bread may be taken at the discretion of each member; the other kinds of food shall be apportioned to each individual, and the wine for other beverage´s shall be allotted in moderate quantity. The quality and quantity of the various kinds of food shall be the same for all, except in eases of indisposition or illness. Moreover, each Provincial by previous arrangement with the Superior General has the power to make those modifications which the places and times require.

The fare should be in accord with religious poverty and the legitimate requirements of each country. The quality and quantity of the food should be the same for all, except in a case of indisposition or illness.

Art. 3. There shall be an extra course or dessert for all on the following occasions: The feasts of the Immaculate Conception, Christmas, St. Francis of Sales, St. John Bosco, St. Joseph, Easter, Pentecost, Mary Help of Christians, St. Aloysius, the

The following shall be kept as feast-days at table: the feast of the Immaculate Conception, Christmas, St. Francis of Sales,St. John Bosco, St. Joseph,Easter, Pentecost. St. Dominic Savio, Mary, Help of Christians, the Sacred Heart, the Assump-

Sacred Heart of Jesus, the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, the Patron Saint of the house, the last day of the annual retreat, the feast-day of the Superior General, and of the Provincial in each provincial house, and of the Rector in his own house, and on Shrove Tuesday.

tion of Our Lady, feast of the Patron of the House, the last day of annual retreat, the feastday of the Rector Major, the feast-day of the Provincial in the Provincial house, of each Rector In his own house.

Art. 4. When persons of importance are invited, the ordinary fare may be supplemented according to local customs, but always within the limits of religious poverty. Let such guests be served from a special dish of which the Provincial and the Rector of the house may partake.

When persons of importance are invited to table, for them and for the Superior, there may be some special consideration shown, in keeping however with religious poverty. Only the Rector, or the one who takes his place, may give invitation to dinner.

Art. 6. The linen must be kept in common and marked with the mark peculiar to each house. Linen for personal use and clothes should bear the name of the member to whom they belong. The outfit for each shall be determined by each Provincial, in accordance with the customs and needs of his own Province.

The linen must be kept in common and marked with the mark peculiar to each house. Linen for personal use and clothes should bear the name of the member to whom they belong. The outfit for each shall be determined by each Provincial in accordance with the customs and needs of the Province. In order to promote religious and community life, every possiblestep should be taken to keep all the rooms of the confreres in a section of the house apart, and such places should always be in accord with religious poverty.

Art. 7. Each one shall look after the cleanliness and tidiness of his own room and person. The Rector of the house,

Each one shall look after the tidiness of his own room and person. The Rector of the house, and those to whom it has been

and those to whom it has been permitted by reason of their office or state of health, may have someone charged to see to the cleaning and arrangement of their room.

permitted by reason of their office or state of health, may have someone charged to see tothe cleaning of their room.

Art. 10. The Provincial onlyhas the power to allow members to visit their families, and only when serious reasons demand it; and the visit must not exceed fifteen days.

The Provincial only has the power to allow members to visit their families, but only for good reasons, and their visit must not exceed fifteen days.

Art. 11. It is forbidden to lie down after dinner, except for reasons of health.

It is forbidden to go to bed to rest after dinner, except for reasons of health.

Art. 12. Smoking is absolutely forbidden. Snuff-taking is tolerated within the limits laid down by the Superior and according to medical advice.

Smoking is absolutely forbidden.

Art. 13. Card-playing is forbidden.

suppressed)

Art. 14. Persons who do not belong to the house, and especially women, shall, as a rule, be interviewed in the parlour. If necessity or convenience demand that they should be brought into the house . let them always be accompanied by one of the members.

Persons who do not belong to the house, especially women, shall be interviewed in the parlour. If necessity or convenience demand that they should be brought into the house, let them be accompanied by the proper person.If it is necessary to employ female staff for some duties in the house, these must always be chosen from women who are mature and of sound morals. Their cleaning must be confined to parts of the house used by all: they must never clean out the rooms of the confreres. The prefect shall be responsible for

 

seeing that their stay in the house is limited to their hours of employment.On an understanding with the Provincial, sisters may be employed in the kitchen, the laundry or the linenroom, with the prescribed precautions and separations.A special convention regulates relations between Salesians and the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians in those houses to which the latter are attached for domestic services

Art. 15. Each Province has its own "customary" or collection of customs peculiar to itself, fixed by the provincial council, after hearing the opinions of the various Rectors and obtaining the approbation of the Superior General.These customs have reference especially to the government of the houses, the style and use of clothes, the outfit for each member, the common table (saving what is prescribed in Art.2) and any other arrangements required by local needs.

The Provincial and his council shall determine any modifications in the government of the houses of the Province, as for example changes in time-table, the outfit of each member and clothes to be worn.

Art. 16. The members shall make all the prescribed religious exercises in common, and they must never omit them without the explicit permission of the superior. They must faithfully follow the manual entitled ´Practices of Piety for use in Salesian Flouses´, edited by the Superior General to whom alone any modification is reserved.

The members shall make all the prescribed religious exercises In common, and they must never omit them without the explicit permission of the superior. They must faithfully follow the manual entitled: `Practices of Piety for use in Salesian Houses´, edited by order of the Superior General, with the suitable adaptations fixed by the provincial conferences.

Art. 17. At the hour of rising in the morning, the one who calls the members, as well as the assistants in the dormitories, shall say with a loud voice: Benedicanius Domino, to which all shall respond: Deo Gratias. Then each one shall make the sign of the Cross and offer his heart to God, saying; ´Jesus, Mary and Joseph, I give you my heart and my soul," and dress himself with all modesty. The other daily practices are; the morning and night prayers, the rosary, prayers before and after class, work or study, and meals: the meditation, holy Mass and spiritual reading.

At the hour of rising in the morning the assistant shall say with a loud voice: Benedicamus Domino to which all shall respond: Deo Gratias. Then each one shall make the sign of the Cross and offer his heart to God, saying: "Jesus, Mary and Joseph, I give you my heart and my soul," and dress himself with all modesty.The other daily practices are: holy Mass, meditation, morning and evening prayers, the rosary, spiritual reading, the visit to the Blessed Sacrament. , prayers before and after class, work, study and meals. The meditation shall be made in common in the place and at th´e hour of the day which is most suitable. The use of a personal book approved by the Rector and provided by the house is permitted. Whenever possible, let lauds be recited in common as morning prayers and compline as evening prayers.

Art. 18. The following are to be read at table: the decrees of the Holy See which refer to us, the Constitutions, the Regulations, the acts of the Superior Chapter, edifying letters, the "Salesian Bulletin", the biography of St. John Bosco, of deceased Salesians, of the Saints and of other persons distinguished in the Church for their virtue and special merit. , and particularly of missionaries and educators of the young. The reading shall Iast for a considerable time during dinner and supper, and shall

The following are to be read at table: the decrees of the Holy See which refer to us, the Constitutions, the Regulations, the acts of the Superior Council, edifying letters, the "Salesian Bulletin", the biography of St. John Bosco, of deceased SaIesians, of the Saints and of other persons distinguished in the Church for their virtue and special merit, and particularly of missionaries and educators of the young The reading shall last for a considerable time during dinner and supper, and shall

always begin with about ten verses of Holy Scripture and end at dinner with the martyrology and at supper with Salesian Necrology, concluding in each case with the words: Tuautem, Domine, miserere nobis.

always begin with a few verses of Holy Scripture and end at dinner with the martyrology and at supper with the Salesian Necrology, concluding in each case with the words: Tuautem, Domine, miserere nobis.Respect and reverence for the Word of God require that the community should listen to the reading of Sacred Scripture in an attitude of recollection.

Art. 19. On Sundays and holidays of obligation the members must be present at a second Mass, at which there shall be an explanation of the Gospel, and at vespers, followed by sermon and Benediction.

On Sundays and holidays of obligation the community Mass shall be celebrated with special solemnity, and there shall be a homily.The members who are not prevented by the exercise of the sacred ministry or by other duties of the apostolate, shall be present at the evening service which can vary according to circumstances, but which shall preferably consist of vespers, homily and Benediction, or a Scripture service and Benediction. Scripture services are to be promoted on the vigils of great feasts, on some ferias during Advent and Lent, and on Sundays and feast days.

Art. 19. bis

 

Art. 20. Let there be made every month the exercise for a happy death, the devotion of the First Friday in honour of the

During Lent each house as a community shall perform some act of mortification, fixed in agreement with the Provincial, as a participation in the penitential spirit of the Church.

 

The monthly practices of piety are as follows: the monthly retreat, the practices for the First Friday in honour of the Sacred

Sacred Heart of Jesus, the commemoration of Mary Help of Christians on the 24th and of St. John Bosco on the last day of the month.Let there be an extraordinary confessor on the occasion of the exercises for a happy death, and each one should choose a Saint as protector for the month.

Heart of Jesus, the commemoration of Mary Help of Christians on the 24th, and of St. John Bosco on the last day of the month.

Art. 20. bis

At least once every three months all the confreres shall make a full day´s retreat, On the othermonths this retreat can be reduced to no less than three hours in the evening, continuing until breakfast time the following day.The monthly retreat shall be made in common, observing these rules:I. Besides the usual meditation, there shall be an Instruction or discussion under the direction of the Rector. The discussion must not be of a technical nature or be concerned with method, but must be pastoral and supernatural in its character, having the purpose of establishing a programme of apostolic work for the month or for the three months ahead.IL Let each one reflect for at least half an hour on his progress or otherwise in virtue during the preceding month, especially concerning resolutions made in the retreat (annual retreat) and on the observance of the Rule. Firm resolutions should be made to lead a better life. This examination can be made in silence with the help of schemes duly prepared.

 

III. Let there be an extraordinary confessor. The confession made on that day should be more exact, as though it were to be the last. Holy Communion should be received as if the Viaticum.IV. The prayers contained in the manual of piety shall be recited, and all or at least part of the Constitutions of the Society shall be read. Let each one choose a saint as protector for the month.

Art. 20. ter

Whoever by reason of his occupations is unable to make the monthly retreat in common., or to complete all the above mentioned practices of piety, may with the permission of the Rector perform those which are compatible with his duty postponing the others to a more convenient day.

Art. 21. The annual� practices of piety are: a) the Retreat; b) the renewal of the religious vows; c) the recitation of the whole rosary on the evening preceding All Souls´ day; d) the singing of the Te Deum on the last or first day of each year, according to the prescriptions of the ordinary; e) the solemn renewal of the baptismal vows on the first day of the year.

The annual practices of piety are: the retreat with the renewal of the religious vows, the recitation of the whole rosary in common on All Souls´ day, the singing of the Te Deum on the last or first day of the year, according to the prescriptions of the ordinary of the diocese.

Art. 22. The other traditional practices of piety are: a) the triduum at the opening of the school year; b) the Via Crucis on Fridays in Lent; c) the ceremonies of Holy Week; d) the daily

Other traditional practices of piety are: the Via Crucis on Fridays during Lent and the ceremonies of Holy Week.

practice during the month of Mary Help of Christians and the month of St. Joseph, and during the novenas for Christmas and the Immaculate Conception; e) the devotion of the six Sundays in preparation for the feast of St. Aloysius Gonzaga.

 

Art. 23. As a general rule the society shall not hold any real estate beyond its houses and their dependencies, and the land necessary for agricultural schools.

As a general rule the society shall not hold any immovable goods except its houses and their dependencies, and the land necessary for agricultural schools.

Art. ´27. When a member changes his residence, he may take with him those books which, in the judgement of the superior, are strictly necessary for his studies, for teaching, or for the sacred ministry

When a member changes residence, he may take with him those books which, in the judgement of the superior, are necessary for his studies, for teaching and for the sacred ministry.

Art. 29. All objects made of precious metal, or in any way pertaining to luxury, are forbidden, except for use in Church, as also all things that savour of worldly vanity.

The equipment of the house, the furniture and any other apparatus should be functional, and should always be in conformity with religious poverty and never give the impression of wealth and luxury. Even in the Church, whilst maintaining what decorum demands, exaggerations should be avoided.

Art. 36. Letters, packages and the like are not to be sent by post or by carrier, unless there is need for it; and whenever it can be done without inconvenience, all letters for the same destination should be enclosed in one envelope.

Postal services, telegrams and telephone calls should only be used when necessity and real convenience require, and then be kept within due limits. Permission of the Superior isrequired for telegrams and inter-city calls (Trunk calls).

 

Wireless and television sets are to be set up in a public place and used with great moderation: for this the Rector has a grave responsibility.Any vehicles, such as cars, motor-cycles, bicycles and the like, should belong to the house and should be used only for the needs of the house, and then with the permission and in the manner determined by the Superior.

Art. 32. Sufficient light should be kept burning, wherever it is necessary for supervision or the prevention of accidents and other inconveniences, as in the dormitories, in the corridors, on the stairs, etc., but at the same time care should be taken that no light is wasted.

Sufficient light should be kept burning, wherever it is necessary for supervision or for the prevention of accidents and other inconveniences, as in the dormitories, in the corridors, on the stairs, etc.; but at the same time care should be taken that no light is wasted.

Art. 33. Whenever necessary, there should be a place in the house for the storage of old and new building materials, furniture not in use, tools and similar things.

(suppressed)

Art. 34. With regard to the uniform of the pupils (which should never be of very costly material), there should be no great difference between schools of equal condition, and this would save the parents unnecessary expense if they should transfer their children from one school to another. The school badge and the cap will suffice for any necessary distinction

(suppressed)

Art. 35. Any damage done by the pupils shall be debited to the offenders, and if they cannot be discovered, to all the pupils equally. Precautions should be taken to prevent such damage, by regulating the games and the manner of playing them.

(suppressed)

Art. 36. It is forbidden to admit persons of the other sex to the common table, to the dormitories and bedrooms, or to employ them in the infirmary. It is however permitted to employ the sisters in the kitchen, the laundry and the linen-room, but with the prescribed precautions and separations, and always with a previous understanding with the Provincial.

It is forbidden to admit women to the common table, or to employ them in the infirmary.

Art. 37. The teacher or the assistant must not allow the pupils to be too close to him in the classroom, study or recreation: he must not hold them by the hand or caress them; he must not be alone with any one of them In any secluded place, not even to give advice or correction, and he must not allow them to enter his own room or cell, whether he is present or absent at the time.

The teacher or the assistant must nut allow the pupils to be too close to him in the classroom, study or recreation, he must not hold them by the hand or caress them; he must not be alone with any one of them in any secluded place, not even to give advice or correction, and he must not allow them to enter his own room or cell, whether he is present or absent at the time. For the catechist, the prefect of studies, the confessor and those teachers who because of their office need to interview the pupils, there should be appropriate rooms.

Art. 39. The parlour and office-rooms, where externs or pupils are interviewed, should have a glass door, so that those within may be visible from without..

The parlours and offices where externs or pupils are interviewed, should have a glass door, so that those within may be visible.

Art. 40. It is not permitted to pass the vacation in the houses of parents or relatives

(suppressed)

Art. 41. It is not permitted, without necessity, to leave the house, to visit relatives or friends. to accept invitations to dinner, tea or supper, or to attend fairs or worldly amusements. No one should go to hotels, while on a journey, unless one cannot conveniently arrange otherwise.

It is not permitted without necessity, to leave the house, to visit relatives or friends, to accept invitations to dinner, tea or supper, or to take part in worldly shows, amusements or gatherings No one should go to hotels, while on a journey, unless one cannot conveniently arrange otherwise.

Art. 44. The manifestation prescribed by Art. 48 of the Constitutions should be made, as a rule, on the occasion of the exercise for a happy death.

The hearing of manifestations should begin on the occasion of the monthly day of retreat.

Art. 46. When anyone needs either clothing, books, stationery or special food, medicine or the like, he must apply only to the one appointed for the purpose

When anyone needs either clothing, books, stationery, special food, medicine or the like, let him apply to the one appointed for the purpose.

Art. 48. The priests must prepare by studs for the ministry of hearing confessions and of preaching: they should be present regularly every month at the conference for the solution of the moral and liturgical case. I`hey must not present themselves at the diocesan curia for examination for faculties for confessions until two years have elapsed since their sacerdotal ordination.

The priests must prepare by study for the ministry of hearing confessions, of preaching and of the various forms of catechetlcal instruction of youth and adults: they should he present regularly every month at the solution of the moral and liturgical case. They should present themselves to the diocesan curia for examination for faculties for confession during the pastoral course; during this period however, they should exercise this ministry, normally only for the boys of our institutes and oratories.

 

At the end of the theological quinquennium prescribed by can. 57f, a general examination to attest the maturity of doctrine and apostolat�e must be taken.

Art. 49 In preaching they must follow the rules laid down in the code of Canon Law and in the instructions of the Holy See.

The priests should willingly make themselves available for the pastoral ministry, when called on by their Superior. In preaching they must follow the rules laid down in the code of Canon Law and in the instructions of the Holy See.

Art. 50 Every house should possess an adequate library, adapted to the needs of the priests and clerics alike. It should contain a sufficient number of copies of the Bible and of the Catechismus ad Parochos, and some ecclesiastical periodical in which the decrees and decisions of the Roman congregations are published.

Every house should possess an adequate library suitable for the needs of the priests. It should contain some ecclesiastical periodicals in which the decrees and decisions of the Roman Congregations are .published.

Art. 51. Three years of practical training are prescribed for the clerics, for the purpose of instilling and cultivating In them the Salesian spirit and of training them in the application of the "preventive system", which is the basis of our pedagogy.

A period of practical training not exceeding three years is prescribed for the clerics and coadjutors, after the course of philosophy or that of professional training. Its purpose will be to test their vocation, by instilling and cultivating in them the Salesian spirit, training them in the application of the "preventive" system, which is the basis of our pedagogy, and also attending to secular studies with a view to professional qualifications.

Art. 53. During this time the members must direct all their care and energy to acquiring a practical knowledge of our life, under the vigilant and kindly supervision of the Rector and the other superiors. These shall teach them by example, and by recalling and explaining to them, as opportunity arises, the principles of the "preventive" system, by means of the life and example of St. John Bosco and the traditions of his early followers, in accordance with the directives of articles 184 and 195 in the Constitutions. There should be at least three scrutinies each year for the clerics in this period of training, and the Rector should prudently inform those concerned of the result.

During this time the members must direct all their care and energy to acquiring a practical knowlege of our life, under the vigilant and kindly supervision of the Rector and the other superiors. These shall teach them by example, and by recalling and explaining to them, as opportunity arises, the principles of the"preventive" system, by means of the life and example of St. John Bosco and sound traditions, in accordance with the directives of articles 184 and 195 of the Constitutions. There should be at least three scrutinies each year for the members in this period of training, and the Rector should prudently inform those concerned of the results. The Provincial with his council shall determine the regularly constituted houses in which perfect observance and the common life is flourishing, where these members in training may be best assisted and cared for. He should not send them to other houses, remembering that this training period must be nothing other than a help to their formation (Sedes Sap., 13). For similar reasons he must not place only one such member in training in any house. If for any reason whatever, the spiritual and pedagogical formation of the member be harmed, the Provincial has an obligation in conscience of taking action, either removing the cause of the harm, or taking the member away from the house immediately (Sedes Sap., 13).

 

The Rector should keep in touch with and direct the studies of the member in training; he should see to it that he does not lack reading material of a spiritual and pedagogical nature.

Art. 55. As a rule the clerics shall pass this third period of probation after the course of philosophy, and before commencing the theological studies.

( Suppressed)

Art. 57. They shall have a weekly lesson on the New Testament, given, if possible, by the Rector, at. which they shall recite by heart about ten verses. They shall be instructed in good manners, and shall be made to practise plain chant and the sacred ceremonies, by taking part in turn in the sacred functions.

The Rector shall hold a weekly meeting for these members in their training, during which he will deal particularly with matters of religious and Salesian formation: he should give them a gradual introduction to the reading of the Sacred Scripture. During the summer holidays they must be brought together in a suitable house, in order to restore their physical, moral and religious strength, to make a retreat suitable for them, and to revise subjects and complete their ecclesiastical preparation.(Seder Sap., 13, 5).

Art. 58. The religious training of the coadjutors shall be provided for by suitable weekly instructions.

Suppressed)

Art. 60. That which is prescribed in article 53 of the Constitutions for the clerics during their practical training, shall be applied to the lay-brothers after their period of completion of formation and during their temporary vows, on the basis of article 184 of the Constitutions.

Coadjutors, during their practical training period, must take part in systematic organic courses of a cultural nature, aimed at integrating their formation. For those members who might be directed to particular types of apostolate, a course of professional qualification or special-

 

ization may be considered. It should be not only of a theoretical character, but also cultural, religious and educational. A suitable preparation shall precede the perpetual profession, in accordance with what is prescribed in Sedes Sapientiae, art. 39, 1. Clerics and coadjutors therefore, should be gathered together in a suitable place for a period of a few weeks.

Art. 61. The coadjutors shall be thoroughly instructed and employed in the work of the festive oratories.

The coadjutors shall be thoroughly instructed and employed in the work of the festive oratories, and in other activities of the lay apostolate, above all for youth.

Art. 65. For grave reasons Provincials are empowered to allow missionaries to return to their native land for a period not exceeding four months, and allow them to remain at home for a period not, exceeding one month.

For just reasons Provincials are empowered to allow missionaries to return temporarily to their native land for a period which they shall determine. Ordinarily the stay at their own home should not exceed one month.

Art. 72. If the period of his stay is extended, the house to which the member belongs shall reimburse the house which entertains him for all expenses incurred thereby. It is forbidden, however, for the member to make any considerable expenses during this period, or to undertake anything of importance, without the written authorization of his own Rector.

The member making a passing visit should be received with brotherly cordiality. If the period of his stay is extended, or if it be the case of a house where even passing visits, though brief, are numerous, then the house to which the member belongs should reimburse expenses incurred. It is forbidden, however, for the member to make any considerable expenses during this period, or to make journeys or undertake anything of importance, without the written authorization of his own Rector.

Art. 113. Let the supervision of the boys be prudent and cautious, and not entrusted only to the younger members but also to the priests and coadjutors.

Let the supervision of the boys be prudent and cautious, and not be entrusted only to the clerics but also to the priests and coadjutors. All the members who are not otherwise impeded should be in recreation, and let them make themselves willingly available wherever supervision should require it.

Art. 115. The pupils must be well looked after everywhere, and must never be too close together, whether at table, in the dormitory, in Church, in the study-hall, in the classroom, or in any other place where they meet together. It will also be wise to divide them Into groups, in accordance with their age and development.

The pupils must be well looked after everywhere, and must not be too close together in the places in which they gather. Things should be so arranged that they are divided into groups, in accordance with their age and development..

Art. 117. Every care must be taken to prevent all particular friendships, the passing of notes, all fondling and caressing, catching hold of one another, all cliques in time of recreation, all unnecessary intercourse with externs, and above all, bad talk.

Every care must be taken to prevent particular friendships, the passing of notes, catching hold of one another, cliques in recreation, bad talk, and all unnecessary contacts with externs.

Art. 119. All books and periodicals which are dangerous to faith or morals and which distract the pupils from their studies, as well as certain classics, must be kept away from them. If any book of this kind is prescribed by the educational authorities, Iet it be properly expurgated,At the beginning of the year the pupils must give a complete list

Books and periodicals which are dangerous to faith or morals and which distract the pupils from their studies, as well as certain classics, must be kept away from them. If any book of this kind is prescribed by the educational authorities, let it be properly expurgated.At the beginning of the year the boarders must give a complete list of the books in their posses-

of the books in their possession, and any lack of sincerity in this regard shall be treated as a grave fault.. From time to time inspection must be made to prevent dangerous books from being_ introduced into the house or retained secretly.

lion. The introducing of immoral books or periodicals into the house shall be considered as a grave fault. From time to time measures shall be taken to check that this is not happening.

Art. 123. Pupils are not allowed out with their relatives. Boarders are not permitted to spend with their relatives any holidays which occur during the scholastic year, unless a permission to that effect has been granted to the school by the Superior Chapter. The prohibitions must be stated every year in the prospectus of each house.

The need is recognized of not removing boys boarding with us from the advantages of contact with social life, particularly with their families, unless the cases be exceptional. The ´provincial conference will fix the opportune manner of achieving this at holiday .periods during the scholastic year, as also when boarders go out with their parents on feast days.

Art. 124. The Rector cannot make any exception to this prohibition without a written statement from the Provincial, and this must be kept in the achives. When special circumstances seem to require that some exception should be made, Provincials must refer the case in good time to the Superior Chapter through the prefect general of studies. The Superior Chapter will examine the reasons adduced, and will always give a written reply.

( Suppressed)

Art. 125. The vacation at the end of the scholastic year should be as short as possible, and before it commences the pupils must be warned against any dangers they may meet with. They should be told how to con

( Suppressed)

duct themselves towards their parents and benefactors, towards ecclesiastical and civil authorities and other persons of importance.

 

Art. 126. Bearing in mind the advice and example of Don Bosco, we should encourage the pupils, both students and artisans, to remain in our houses during the holidays.

Time spent by our pupils in our houses or at summer camps during the holidays is to be favoured; but this must be organized in such a way as to provide a real holiday, and also an opportunity for religious and_ moral education, in accordance with the spirit of St. John Bosco.

Art. 127. The practices of piety prescribed for our pupils are those indicated in the manual entitled Practices of Piety in Use in Salesian Houses. and found in extenso in the `Giorane Provveduto.´ .

The practices of piety prescribed for our pupils are those indicated in the manual, Practices of Piety in use in Salesian Houses.

Art. 128. The exercise for a happy death should be made at the beginning or at the end of each month. On this occasion there should be at least one extraordinary confessor, who is not a member of the house.

The monthly retreat should be made at the beginning or at the end of each month. On this occasion there should be at least one extraordinary confessor, who is not a member of the house.

Art. 130. Religion and sacred history should be regularly taught in class twice a week, and the syllabus compiled by the prefects general of studies and of arts and trades, should be followed. There should be catechism for half-an-hour every Sunday. Competitions in catechism and apologetics are to be held every year. The religious examination should be con -

Religion and sacred history should be taught regularly at least twice a week, and wherever possible, there should be catechism for half-an-hour every Sunday. Competitions in catechism and apologetics are to be held every year. The religious examination should be conducted with all seriousness, and prizes given to those with the best marks.

ducted with all seriousness, and prizes given to those who distinguish themselves.

 

Art. 131. The small treatise on apologetics added to his "Giovane Provveduto" by the Ven.Don Bosco and entitled "The Foundations of our Holy Religion," should be explained in the higher classes.

(Suppressed)

Art. 135. Those boys who are about to leave our houses should be invited to join the local branch of the old boys´ association and on reaching the age of 16 years, to join the pious union of Salesian Co-operators.

Boys who are about to leave our houses should be invited to join the local branch of the past pupils´ association. If they are 16 years of age, and the signs are that they will live good Christian lives, and they are eager to engage in the apostolate in the spirit of Don Bosco, then they should be invited to join the Association of Salesian Co-operators.

Art. 136. In carrying out the syllabus of the educational authorities, let the principles, methods and suggestions of the prefect general of studies be followed, as far as possible, in all that regards the subjects to be taught and the text-books chosen.

In carrying out the syllabus of the education authorities in all that concerns the subjects to be taught and the choice of textbooks, the principles, methods and suggestions of the Provincial should, where possible, be adhered to.

Art. 139. The theoretical instruction of the artisans must be such as is required by the needs of the times and technical developments, in accordance with the syllabus laid down by the prefect general of arts and trades. In regard to their practical training, they should also be taught to work without the aid of machinery.

Professional training, both theoretical and practical, should meet the needs of the times and the technical developments.

Art. 140 Examinations must be held regularly at the fixed times, and the half-yearly test must be given with greater solemnity.

(suppressed)

Art. 141 Gregorian chant should be taught to all the pupils: other music should be taught to those who are fit for it.

Music, both vocal and instrumental, should be fostered, with a view to a fuller formation of the pupils and a more living participation in liturgical functions.

Art. 142 At the end of the scholastic year there should be a display with declamation, vocal and instrumental music and the distribution of prizes.

At the end of the scholastic year, or at the beginning of the following year, there should be a solemn distribution of prizes.

Art. 144. The assistants must see that the various places under their charge are clean, and when anything is lacking in this respect, they must take care that the prefect is notified of it. The lavatories must be well washed and disinfected.

The assistants must keep an eye on the .cleanliness of the house and should they notice anything lacking in this respect let them notify the prefect.

Art. 151. The pupils should go out for a walk for about two hours every week. Outings should be made, preferably, on foot, in accordance with the example of Don Bosco and the advice of his successors. On these occasions all that hygiene prescribes or suggests should be observed.

The pupils should go out for a walk for about two hours every week. School outings should not be longer than one day, and the expenses incurred should be moderate. Other journeys of an extraordinary kind require the permission of the Provincial.

Art. 152 The Rector shall fully recognize the authority of the Superior General, of the members of the Salesian Chapter, and of the Provincial, and he shall endeavour to make it recognized by his subjects. He shall

The Rector shall fully recognize the authority of the Rector Major, of the members of the Superior Council and the Provincial, and shall endeavour to make his confreres do likewise. He shall promptly communicate

promptly communicate any orders or suggestions he receives from them, either by reading them in public, or by treating of them, if necessary, in his conferences.

to his confreres any suggestion he receives.

Art. 153. Besides fulfilling all that Is Imposed by the Constitutions, he shall also manifest his submission to the Provincial, particularly in the following ways:a) By having a previous understanding with him before entering into obligations with the bishop, with committees, or with the civil authorities;b) By asking his approbation of all changes in discipline, in the time-table, in the duties of his subjects, in regard to the opening or closing of classes or workshops, and before making any alteration in the building;c) By referring to him in all difficulties with the civil, educational or ecclesiastical authorities;d) By satisfying his financial obligations to him in a prompt and filial manner.

Besides fulfilling all that is imposed by the Constitutions, heshall also manifest his submission to the Provincial, particularly in the following ways:at By having a previous understanding with him before entering into obligations with the bishop, with committees, or with the civil authorities:b) By asking his approval of all changes in discipline, in the duties of his confreres, In regard to the opening or closing of classes or workshops, and before making any alteration in the building;c) By turning to him in ail difficulties with the civil, educational or ecclesiastical authorities;d1 By satisfying his financial obligations to him in a prompt and filial manner.

Art. 155. The reports regarding the moral conduct of his subjects must always be sent by him to the Provincial confidentially, and on a special form.

The reports on the moral conduct of his subjects should be given by him to the Provincial confidentially.

Art. 156 He must hold a chapter of the house at least once a month and make known the "agenda" a few days previously, if possible. He must readily listen to the opinion of each mem -

He must convoke the house council at least once a month and make known the agenda a few days previously, if possible. Ile must give due importance to the views of each member of the

ber of the chapter, and keep the minutes In a register reserved for this purpose, to be shown to his superiors on the occasion of their visits.He must bear in mind himself, and remind the other members of the obligation of secrecy in all that regards the subjectmatter of the chapter.

council. In a register for the purpose he must see that the minutes of the meetings are written up, signed by each member of the council, and kept in the archives. He must bear in mind himself, and remind the other members of the obligation of secrecy which in some cases may be a grave obligation of conscience.

Art. 159 Every month he shall, with all kindness, receive the manifestation which each member should make to him, and he should send for those who do not present themselves of their own accord. He must also bear in mind the grave obligation which the Constitutions (Art. 184) place upon him. of fulfilling al] the duties of the master of novices in regard to those members of the house who have temporary vows

Every month let him receive with all kindness the manifestation of each of the confreres. He should invite along those who do not come of their own accord. He must also bear In .mind the grave obligation which the Constitutions (art. 184) place upon him, of fulfilling all the duties of the master of novices in regard to those members of the house who have temporary vows. Finally let him take special care of young priests and arrange for them to do their quinquennial examinations regularly.

Art. 160. He should be solicitous for the material needs of his subjects and, in particular, he should provide them with the books required for those studies which the superiors have authorized them to undertake. He must take care of their health and visit them frequently when they are sick.

He should be solicitous for the material needs of his brethren, and, in particular, he should provide them with the books required for those studies which the Superiors have authorized them to undertake. He must take care of their health and visit them frequently when they are sick. If one of the confreres should die let him write his mortuary letter in the language of the country and send It to all the houses of the country. Let him also send several copies to the Superior Council and to every Provincial.

Art. 163. To the Rector alone, as head of the house, is reserved the right to admit or dismiss pupils, but all interviews and correspondence in connection with such matters should, as a rule, be entrusted to the prefect. In all these matters the prospectus of the house should be followed, especially in regard to the pension and extras. Those who stand in need of any reduction should be referred to our schools where the pension is lower. As a rule, the prefect shall be charged to interview the parents, and to inform them of the conduct and progress of their children; but in cases of serious illness, accident or death, the Rector himself shall convey the news to those concerned.

To the Rector alone, as head of the house, Is reserved the right to admit or dismiss pupils. However, as a rule, he will leave such matters to the prefect, If he judges it opportune he may entrust one or more members of the Council with the task of informing the parents of the conduct and progress of the pupils. Matters of a delicate nature he should reserve to himself.Bearing in mind the scope of all Salesian houses, as indicated in the first article of the Constitutions, he should see to it that help is given to poor and welldeserving boys by reducing their fees.

Art. 165. He shall give to those pupils who are going to spend the summer holidays with their parents or relatives a copy of the leaflet entitled: "Recommendations for the Holidays - Things to be remembered in order to spend the holidays well," and when practicable he shall also give him a letter to take to the parish priest, so that the pupil may obtain from the latter a certificate of good conduct to present to the Rector on his return to the school.

He shall give to those pupils who are going to spend their holidays with their parents a copy of the leaflet entitled: Recommendations for the Holidays, and when practicable, he shall also give them a letter of recommendation to the parish priest so that the pupils may obtain from the latter a certificate of good conduct to present to the Rector on their return.

Att. 166. He must see that an exact account is kept of his own expenses, as well as those of the other members. Money should be deposited with the Rector.

Let him keep a careful account of his income and expenses and pass the same to the prefect each month so that the latter may copy the entries into the house ledger. Let him see that

 

this ledger is kept with care and accuracy and periodically let him see that he is acquainted with the financial position of the house.

Art. 168. When, in the ordinary administration during the year, he intends to place money on deposit for the time being, it is preferable that such deposit be made with the Provincial, rather than with the bank, and the Provincial shall take care of it. and pay it back on demand.

Let him arrange for money that is in excess of daily requirements to be deposited in the bank. The relative bank account should as a rule be in the name of the institute and the Rector and prefect, so that they may sign separately or jointly.

Art. 171. He must keep the archives in order, and the following documents are to be kept there:

He must keep the archives in. order, and the following documents are to be kept there:

a) The collection of our privileges; the acts of the Holy See which regard our society or may be of interest to us;

a) The collection of our privileges; the acts of the Holy See which regard our society or may be of interest to us;

b) The Constitutions; the Regulations; the acts of the Superior Chapter; the deliberations of the provincial chapter; and the circular letters of the Provincial, the prescriptions and suggestions of the Provincial and of any extraordinary visitor on the occasion of the visitation;

b) The Constitutions, the Regulations; the acts of the Superior Council; the deliberations of the provincial council and the circulars of the Provincial; the directives and remarks of the Provincial and of any extraordinary visitor on the occasion of the visitation; the house chronicle, and the minute book of the house council;

c) The letters of election of the various Rectors of the house;

c) The letters of election of the Rectors of the house;

 

 

d) The lists of members of the society; a register of the members of the house, which should contain general information regarding each one, the house from which he came, the office entrusted to him, the length of his stay, and the results of the examinations he has taken during the period of his residence in the house:

d ) A register containing a list of all the personnel in the house and general information in their regard, the house they came from, the office they hold, the length of their stay, the results of examinations taken during their period of residence in the house;

e) The "Salesian Bulletin": the biographies of the deceased brethren of the society, the chronicle of the house;

(Suppressed)

f) Deeds of purchase or sale of movables or immovables, with maps and plans relating thereto; and private documents of any kind;

e) Deeds of purchase or sale of movables or immovables, with maps and plans relating thereto; and private documents of any kind:

g) The authorization of the superiors for the acquisition or alienation of land and for the construction of buildings, etc., with the respective designs approved of by the superiors and by the civil authorities;

f) The authorization of the superiors for the acquisition or alienation of land and for the construction of buildings, etc, with the respective designs approved of by the superiors and by the civil authorities;

h) Powers of attorney of members of the house;

g) Powers of attorney of members of the house:

i) A register of obligations ( Masses, free places, services to be rendered to the parish priest or to others, etc.), in which the origin and nature of such obligations are noted down ;

h) A register of obligations ( Masses, free places, services to be rendered to the parish priest or to others, etc.,) in which the origin and nature of such obligations are noted down;

j) The registers of current accounts and of the pensions, classified year by year;

i) The registers of current accounts and of the pensions classified year by year:

k) A copy of all the administrative accounts sent to the Provincial:

   

j) A copy of all the administrative accounts sent to the Provincial;

I) All the scholastic registers with general information about the pupils and the marks given in examinations;

k) All the scholastic registers with general information about the pupils and the marks given in examinations;

m) All deeds concerning the house, from whatever office or authority they come, and all other documents at special importance;

I) All deeds concerning the house, from whatever office or authority they come, and all other documents of special importance.

n) The "customary," or list of customs proper to the Province.

(Suppressed)

Art. 172. As prescribed by the regulations for co-operators, the Rector shall establish their local office and fulfil the obligations asslgned to him by the same regulations. Ile must do the same in all that regards the past pupils.

Let him see that the local office for the co-operators runs efficiently and in agreement with the Provincial, and let him nominate a priest as local delegate to organize and develop the centre attached to the house as well as nearby centres according to the rules laid down in the manual for directors. In the same way he should take care of the past pupils.

Art. 176 He shall every day collect all money coming from pensions, offering, sales, etc., and shall hand it over to the Rector, who will leave him sufficient for the daily expenses. The prefect shall have a previous understanding with the Rector as to expenses, provisions, work or repairs.

He shall every day collect all income in the house and proceed in accordance with article 168. As to expenses, provisions, work or repair, he shall have a previous understanding with the Rector.

Art. 178. Where there are workshops, he must attend to clients, either himself or by others who act under his control.

( Suppressed)

Art. 183. The general discipline of the pupils is entrusted to him, and he must watch over their conduct, morality and cleanliness. Extraordinary disciplinary measures are also his concern.

The general discipline of the house and extraordinary disciplinary measures are the concern of the prefect. In the case of extraordinary disciplinary measures in regard to the pu pils, let him act in agreement with the prefect of studies

Art. 185. To him also is entrusted the care of the cleanliness, hygiene, lighting and maintenance of the house, according to the rules laid down in Chapter IV of Section II.

It is his duty to see to the cleanliness and careful maintenance of the house.

Art. 191. It is the duty of the prefect of studies, after consulting the Rector, to see that the classes, including that of singing, are conducted regularly. For this purpose he must know what is prescribed by the educational authorities, so far as the school under his care is concerned.

It is the. duty of the prefect of studies to attend to the ordinary discipline of the pupils and, in agreement with the Rector, to see that the classes, including that of singing, are conducted regularly. For this purpose he must know what is prescribed by the educational authorities, so far as the school under his care is concerned.

Art. 192. He shall attend to the discipline of the pupils, with due regard to what is laid down In art. 116 of the Constitutions and art. 118 of the Regulations. He shall uphold the traditional custom of monitors and submonitors in the study-hall, the classroom, the refectory, etc.

He shall attend to the discipline of the pupils with due regard to what is laid down in art. 116 of the Constitutions and art. 118 of the Regulations. He may, with all prudence, get the older boys to help him and so favour discipline in the study. the refectory etc.

Art. 193. At the beginning of the year and whenever he sees the advantage of doing so, he shall gather together the teachers and assistants, to treat of the best means of promoting

At the beginning of the year, and whenever he sees the advantage of doing so, he shall gather together the teadhers and assistants, to treat of the best means of promoting study

study and progress. From time to time, he shall make enquiries regarding the work and discipline of the various classes, and with all charity he shall give suitable advice and make suggestions to the teachers, especially if they are beginners.

   

and progress. He must then folIow up the teaching and discipline, and with all charity give suitable advice and suggestions to the teachers, especially if they are beginners.

Art. 194. He shall see that each new pupil is given a place in the study, and placed in the class for which he is fit. He must never allow anyone to be without occupation, even for a short period of time.

(Suppressed)

Art. 197. To him is also entrusted the supervision of the theatre, all school displays, declamations, and similar matters.

To him also is entrusted the supervision of the theatre, all academies, declamations and the organization of exhibitions. However the choice and careful censoring of films intended for the pupils is the direct responsibility of the Rector.

Art. 198. The prefects of arts and trades, and of agriculture, have the same duties in regard to the pupils of professional and agricultural schools as the prefect of studies has in regard to students. In addition to this, they should control the class of instrumental music and the organization of exhibitions.

Suppressed

Art. 198. bis

In countries where the laws demand that a specific individual ( headmaster) be responsible to the educational authorities for all scholastic matters, let this office be entrusted to a superior other than the Rector.

Art. 198. ter

   

Whilst the headmaster is directly responsible in his work to the education authorities, he shall carry out his duties in harmony with and subject to the Rector, and also in harmony with the other confreres holding office which from the point of view of administration, discipline, and teaching, are intimately connected with the activity signified by his title.

Art. 199. The prefect is the person responsible for the administration and the good management of the workshops, and he may be assisted, if necessary, by one or more managers, to whom he can entrust all business relations with customers.

With due dependence on the competent superiors, the head of department is responsible for the smooth running of the workshop in regard to the education imparted and the teaching given.

Art. 200. The manager shall see that the workshop is furnished with all that is necessary for its regular progress, and that the quality and quantity of the goods produced are up to the proper standard.

The head of department must see that the confreres who assist him in the workshop make professional progress and keepabreast with the times. He should promote among them a spirit of constant collaboration and mutual understanding, and together with the superiors should be aware of his responsibility for the religious formation of the young confreres attached to his workshop.

Art. 203. Although there is only one set of accounts and one cash-box, which is in charge of the prefect, still the manager must keep in order those supplementary registers which are entrusted to him, and to be able to present them on demand.

Although administration is reserved to the prefect, still, the head of department has administrative responsibility forthe same, relative to the shop´s ordinary activity, including the duty of dealing with customers. The head of department shall prepare the estimate and tech-

 

 

 

nical study of any contract; ensuing administrative business shall be passed over to the prefect.In cases where one or more of the heads of departments are externs, the prefect shall have direct responsibility for the administration, relying if necessary, on the help of one or more of the heads of departments.

Art. 204. In the exercise of their office, both must conform to what is prescribed in chapter III of section II.

{ Suppressed)

Art. 206. The teacher should map out his work for each month, and should prepare well for his class every day, and should carefully correct the exercLse-books, paying attention to the handwriting and the neatness .of both text-books and exercise-books.�He will also keep his registers and mark-books up to date. He shall likewise observe our traditional customs such as: the test that should be set at least once a month and which should be corrected and then handed to the prefect of studies, the weekly lesson from a Christian Latin author, and the brief exhortation to the pupils to celebrate novenas and triduums with devotion.

The teacher should map out his work for each month, and should prepare well for his class every day and should carefully correct the exercise-books, paying attention to the hand-writing and the neatness of both text-books and exercise-books of the pupils. He should also keep his registers and mark-books up to date. He should, likewise, observe our traditional customs, such as the test at least monthly, which should be corrected and then handed to the prefect of studies, the weekly lesson from a Christian Latin author, and the brief exhortation to the pupils to celebrate novenas and triduums with devotion.

Art. 214. They should never reprove the boys collectively, and should bear in mind that disciplinary measures are reserved to the prefect or the prefect of studies.

They should never reprove the boys collectively, and should bear in mind that disciplinary measures are reserved to the prefect of studies or the prefect.

Art. 219. The messengers are those charged to make small purchases for the house, the kitchen and the workshops, and to go on similar errands, under the control of the prefect and in accordance with his directions.

The messengers are those charged to make purchases for the house, the kitchen and the workshops, and to do other similar errands, under the control of the prefect and in accordance with his directions.

Art. 228. He is charged to see, either personally or through others, to the order and cleanliness of the rooms, corridors and playground, to open windows and close them again at the proper time, to inform the prefect of any damages done or any irregularity occurring in the house, and to go round the playground at the end of the recreation to recover any object left behind by the boys.

(Suppressed)

Art. 229. The porter must notice those who enter or leave the house, and so he must always be at his post. He must have a substitute to take his place whenever for just reasons, he cannot be there. It is his duty, as a rule, to ring the bell at appointed times, and to lock up at night all doors and gates which communicate with outside.

The porter must notice those woo enter or leave the house, and so he must always be at his post. He must have a substitute to take his place whenever, for j ust reasons he cannot be there. It is his duty, as a rule, to ring the bell at the appointed times, and to lock up at night all doors which communicate with the outside.

Art. 231. He must be suitably dressed, tidy in person, and courteous in manner when receiving visitors. He should admit those who wish to see the superiors or boys only during the appointed hours, and he must hand over to the prefect all letters and packages received, no matter to whom addressed.

He should be tidy in person and courteous in manner when receiving visitors. He should admit those who wish to see the su periors or boys only during the appointed hours, and he must consign all letters to the Rector.He should particularly watch his manner of answering the telephone. Let him note down

p

 

   

any messages received and pass them on to the persons concerned. He should follow the instructions of the superior on the use of the telephone.

Art. 237. The stage-manager has the duty of arranging, in agreement with the Rector, all that concerns entertainments and their preparation and performance, and must watch over the conduct of those who take part in them. He may be assisted in his work by the prompter, or by some teacher or assistant, with the consent of the Rector.

The stage-manager has the duty of arranging, in agreement with the Rector and prefect of studies all that concerns entertainments and their preparation and performance, and must watch over the conduct of those who take part in them. He may be assisted in his work by the prompter, or by some teacher or assistant, with the consent of the Rector

Art. 239. The foregoing also holds good in the choice of cinematograph and lantern shows, which must always be examined in their entirety beforehand.

{ Suppressed)

Art. 242. It is forbidden to give the actors special treatment at table, or to distribute drinks or similar things to them. The fact that they have been selected for the performance is already a sufficient reward in itself.

( Suppressed)

Art. 244. He must be present at. all the rehearsals, and keep out all who have no reason to be there. He must not allow practices to go on after ten o´clock at night, and must see that all retire in the strictest silence and under due supervision.

He must be present at. all the rehearsals and keep out all who have no reason to be there. He must not allow the evening practices to go on too long, and when they are over he must see that all retire in the strictest silence, and under due supervision.

Art. 245. He must absolutely forbid all unauthorized persons to go on the stage or in the dressing rooms. He must see that

He must absolutely forbid all unauthorized persons to go on the stage or into the dressing rooms. He must see that the

the actors dress and undress with the greatest modesty, and must not allow them to engage in private conversation among themselves.

actors dress and undress with the greatest modesty, and must not allow them to engage in private conversations.

Art. 246. The work of preparing the stage must not be done on a Sunday or holyday of obligation, and the time of the performance should interfere as little as possible with the ordinary time-table.

He must not allow the stage to be prepared on a Sunday or holyday of obligation.

Art. 248. In order to safeguard morality, all that is prescribed in art. 36 and 38, and in chapter I of part II, section TI, must be scrupulously observed.

In order to safeguard morality he must see that the Regulations are scrupulously observed.

Art. 251. They should only allow those to visit the sick who have the permission of the catechist or prefect.

They should allow only those to visit the sick who have the permission of the catechist or the prefect.

Art. 253. The inflrmarfan should, every other day, furnish the catechist or the prefect with a list of those who are having their meals in the infirmary.

From time to time the infirmar ian should furnish the catechist or the prefect with a list of those who are having their meals in the infirmary.

Art. 255. The domestics are those who do not belong to the society, but who live in the house and do manual or intellectual work according to their ability.

(Suppressed)

Art. 255. bis. -

When accepting outsiders as part of the personnel, the Rector should obtain information about their competence and more particularly about their religious and moral principles.

Art. 256. In order to be accepted, they must produce their baptismal certificate, a testimonial of good conduct from their parish priest and from the local authorities; and confidential information from trustworthy sources must, above all be obtained. Those who have failed to give satisfaction in another Salesian house should not be accepted.

When accepting persons for domestic purposes and as residents in the house, one must receive a reference certifying their good conduct and a certificate from the local authorities. Confidential information from trustworthy sources must, above all, be obtained. Those who have failed to give satisfaction in another Salesian house should not be accepted.